OUR TESTS & ANALYSIS
We now present a summary of our spring water test analysis.
Actual copies of some of the laboratory test reports which show some of the detailed analyses of our spring water are available HERE. (This page is password is protected - contact Heartland Springs for the password).
Our water IS NATURALLY PURE ORGANIC DRINKING WATER, with a positive quantum of SILICA and a sprinkling of some of nature’s trace minerals.
Included in one litre of our spring water is above the estimated average USA daily intake of silica, which by some writers in USA is said to be between 5mg and 45 mg a day, gravitating toward the lower range for those on meat diets. Some experts suggest the average USA diet is deficient in sufficient silica.
For more third party commentary about the possible usefulness of including silica in a daily diet, and specifically through drinking unprocessed spring water with a good silica content, see this page on this web site HERE.
Silica is found in few western foods, but it is in grains.
As silica is said to be the 2nd or 3rd most abundant element in our Earth’s crust (most agree it is 2nd to oxygen), and about the 6th most abundant element in our galaxy, it could follow that our human bodies are likely to demand a daily intake of silica to function at best.
Interesting, our bodies do not have much silica in their core structure (nor is there much silica in the earth’s inner or outer core, it being instead in the earth’s crust and perhaps mantel). Nor do we make silica inside ourselves. These each suggest intake of silica daily maybe relevant. If our bodies intake in any one day too much silica, it may excrete the over-supply. That stated, some jurisdictions restrict silica quantum in drinking water for babies. Heartland Springs silica levels are below any maximum silica limit set by any jurisdiction.
Drinking 47-49 mg of silica in each 1 litre of our drinking water, is a way to meet a daily minimum silica level, whatever these might one day be determined to be.
Silica has only recently been considered popular by some writers as a ‘heath supplement’ (allegedly for better skin, for strengthening bones, positive for mobility in joints, fixing brittle nails, positive for hair, increasing mental function, for delaying symptoms of progressive dementia— and allegedly an aid toward anti-aging).
Here is a web site with anecdotal evidence of silica’s assumed positive use in human body.
That writer also alleges that silica can be a catalyst, enabling other some elements in the human to work better?
Testing of silica’s many possible uses and advantages in a daily diet is only in the early stages by world scientists. We have only discovered one web site (from any we have viewed) suggesting silica is not needed to be supplemented in the human body, but that web site was negative about many matters, and provided no science in support of their opinion.
In the scientific study, shown on web site: http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/75/5/887.full it relates that Asians and Indians have much higher silicon intakes than do Western populations, as a result of their higher intakes of plant-based foods and rice.
That study notes that in these communities there is a lower incidence of hip fracture than in the West. Some others suggest the younger look found in middle aged Asian peoples is related to the higher daily silica intake, particularly as silica is found in good quantity in rice.
That study also showed that Western men have a higher intake of silica than Western woman, due to predominantly male beer drinking; and it states drinking water and beer can be two sources of daily silica intake. It cautioned, that as age increases the average daily intake of silica was in test subjects down, when the silica needs seem to increase, as age increases.
The French study reported here http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15817869?dopt=Abstract concluded that: “Silica in drinking water may reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer Disease in elderly women. The results corroborate those of another epidemiologic study carried out in France.
THERE IS MORE GOOD NEWS
We classify milligrams/litre (as listed above) as milli-elements - these being stated in parts per million. In other words, for each million parts of water there are 'x' parts of the mineral we list above.
After this summary we present more about the trace elements in our water. Trace elements are recorded as micro-elements, or parts per billion. In other words, for each billion parts of water there are 'x' parts of the mineral we list above.These are very tiny quantums, hardly significant-except that our bodies include and need a wide range of trace elements.
Some items can be contaminants to our bodies in milli amounts, and positive for our bodies in micro amounts. Of course this positiveness also assumes such items are natural and not chemically created in a human science laboratory.
Our water overcomes the concerns of some educated consumers regarding calcium levels being either too high and/or out of balance with it’s matching companion mineral of magnesium in spring or bore water. Our calcium level at 9.5 - 9.61 mg/l, would be regarded as low, and is thereby fully satisfactory for everyday drinking, when considering this single criteria. Our Calcium is near a close match with a similar level of magnesium at 9.9 – 10.3 mg/l. Some educated consumers realise the body should intake these 2 minerals together, in near balance; as nature has provided in our water, naturally.
Our water comes out of the ground naturally pure (no bore has been dug) and at the point of first contact with the air our spring water has a pH of about 7.1 -7.8, which is close to the pH of human blood (about 7.35), and is at the cross-over point (7.0) of acid and alkaline. When water has a pH of say 6.5 (as some bottled waters do-despite if of NZ origin being then outside the NZ Health Ministry regulations for acceptable tap drinking water) one should remember that this is a pH which is 5 times more acid that our springwater. It is NOT 0.5 more acid, it is 5 times more acid.
When water has a pH of say more than say 8.7 (as some NZ bottled waters do-despite being then outside the NZ Health Ministry regulations for acceptable drinking water) one should remember that this is a pH which is 15 times more akaline than our spring water, and that such extreme akalinity in everyday drinking water can become dangerous longer term to health.
Some water bottlers add an acid to their water to restore it to a pH of about 7.0, but this is usually completed without telling the consumer what they have added, and how much, and that the water is no longer natural.
Our water is naturally alive, and has been shown to be so even after being bottled for a year (and stored in the shade) with no negative side effects. Indeed, to experiment, we have stored our water (in the shade) at times for over 10 years, and then inspected it and drunk it, and it only shows to taste, a slight reduction in the alive taste our fresh spring water provides to the drinker. Water we send to the consumer will have been collected fresh from our spring.
Our water has been scientifically tested for impurities to the stringent EU standands. There are no colforms present, nor any other nasties.
Our water has a balanced hardness/softness quotient, which makes it again suitable as a great everyday drinking water
Some water (especially bore waters) may be too 'soft' or too ‘hard’ for regular every daily drinking.
There are indications in some reports that water which is extremely soft (below 50) can adversely affect the mineral balance (see page 10 of http://rivm.openrepository.com/rivm/bitstream/10029/11409/1/vanderaa.pdf ). Very soft water would also tend to cause corrosion in a metal water piping system, and might have similar corrosive type effects on the human internal arterial system.
Some New Zealand bore water have a hardness/softness test level of between 11 and 13. We submit this level of softness is dangerous for everyday drinking water. There are many sources on the internet of scientific reports confirming this position. By example see the website listed on this page HERE and read about the dangers of bore water HERE.
This Heartland spring water is defined technically as a 'soft' water (but not very soft), as its CaCO3 mg/L (hardness-softness test) quotient is 64. The 'soft 'or 'hard' state of water is relevant to water uses, and to the water taste, and to a regular drinker's health. Some suggest we should drink more soft (but not too soft) water, rather than hard waters. The elite NZ bottled water called Antipodes has a very soft hardness-softness factor of 15.
Generally, a measurement quotient using the CaCO3 mg/L test method for hardness/softness, considers fewer than 50 mg/l as very soft water, generally not being recommend as an everyday drinking water; 50 to 100 mg/l is considered soft water and seems okfor daily drinking; 100 to 200 mg/l is considered medium-soft/hard water and is ok for daily drinking; 200 to 400 mg/l is considered moderately hard water, and generally hardness levels over 200 mg/l is water not recommend as an everyday drinking water. 400 to 600 mg/l is considered hard water; and greater than 600 mg/l is considered very hard water.
Generally, a moderate hardness factor of over 200mg/l will lead to the development of scale deposits in a water metal piping system and/or electric jugs used to boil that moderately hard or harder water, and might have similar ‘deposit making’ type effects on the human internal arterial system.
Another different test for hardness/softness of drinking water is known as the Stuyfzand system, which calculates hardness/softness relative to calcium and magnesium in the water. This system uses water descriptions ranging through the categories: very soft, soft, moderately hard, hard, very hard and extremely hard. Using this Stuyfzand system the French bottled water named Badoit is classified as being extremely hard water, while the French brands Perrier, Evian, Vichy are each classified on the web site identified above as being very hard waters. The Italian water named San Pellegrino and the Belgium waters named Valvert and Bru are each classified as hard waters.
It is important for consumers health, that in everyday drinking water sulphates are low. Ours are relatively very low, at between 0 and 2.5mg/l.
It is important for consumers health, that in everyday drinking water nitrates are low and nitrites non existent. Ours nitrates are relatively very low at 3.4 mg/l; and there are no nitrites found in the tests in our water.
OUR WATER POSITIVELY HAS OTHER USEFUL TRACE MINERALS IN COLLOIDAL MICRO QUANTUM
Here follows an explanation and summary about some of the minor trace elements in our spring water:
- Aluminium: this as a natural element and can be positive in trace amounts. We note that in some science reports aluminium is named as the 3rd most common element found in the earth’s crust, and they say is therefore a natural component of drinking water and foodstuffs. Natural aluminium in tiny natural trace amounts should not be confused with the reported negatives which may arise from man-made aluminium oxide products in higher quantum. Like our spring water, mothers milk has some natural aluminium in tiny trace quantum. On this Environmental Science Europe web site http://www.enveurope.com/content/23/1/37 it shows some food and drink products were tested in Germany for trace amounts of aluminium and near all everyday products had some level of aluminium (including chocolate, beer, wine, herb teas, bread and flour/pastries. No reports of dietary aluminium toxicity to healthy individuals, when taken in small trace amounts, exist in the literature;
- Ammonia Nitrogen (WHO writes this element is naturally occurring in groundwater and air, usually below 0.2 mg/l in groundwater--- ours is far less at 0.03 mg/l. In contrast, 4,000 mg of ammonia per day are produced endogenously in the human intestine. WHO concludes that “Ammonia is not of direct importance for health in the concentrations to be expected in drinking-water. A health-based guideline by WHO has therefore not been derived”);
- Borate (WHO writes, in natural waters boron exists primarily as undissociated boric acid with some borate ions. As a group, the boron–oxygen compounds are sufficiently soluble in water to achieve the levels that have been observed. Mance et al. (1988) described boron as a significant constituent of seawater, with an average boron concentration of 4.5 mg/kg. In groundwater WHO suggests the normal ranges for boron vary widely from country to country, but are usually in the range of less than 0.3 mg/l up to 1.5 mg/l, with some extremes up to 100mg/l. Our boron is low at 0.123 mg/l and our Borate lower at 0.04 mg/l);
- Fluoride (natural fluoride is again positive in trace amounts, and should not be confused with the negatives of man-made fluoride extracted from toxic industrial processes. Also the amount of fluoride added to some cites drinking water is set at about 1 mg/l (being about 13 x higher than the quantum naturally occurring in our spring water), which some commentators say is too high - aside from the fact it is a toxic cocktail of poisons in most cases, and because of this should not be added to cities water at any quantum. Like our spring water, mothers milk has some natural fluoride in tiny trace quantum- about 0.004 mg/l- but quantum varies. The daily cup of tea would have more fluoride in it than exists in our spring water...plus there is natural fluoride in trace amounts in most carrots and tomatoes.
WHO writes Fluoride may be an essential trace element for animals and humans. For humans, however, the essentiality has not been demonstrated unequivocally, and no data indicating the minimum nutritional requirement are available. To produce signs of acute fluoride intoxication, minimum oral doses of at least 1 mg of fluoride per kg of body weight are required. Many epidemiological studies of possible adverse effects of the long-term ingestion of fluoride via drinking-water have been carried out.
These studies clearly establish that fluoride primarily produces effects on skeletal tissues (bones and teeth).
Low concentrations provide protection against dental caries, especially in children. Elevated fluoride intakes can have more serious negative effects on skeletal tissues. Skeletal fluorosis (with adverse changes in bone structure) may be observed when drinking-water contains 3–6 mg of fluoride per litre. At too high a daily dose, fluoride can contribute to bone fragility, including in the hip area. Our water has a safe and useful low natural fluoride of 0.07 mg/l);
- Iodine :WHO write a guideline value for iodine has not been established at this time. Iodine seems to be another trace mineral very useful in low daily intake, and uncertain or potentially damaging if at too high a daily concentration. Some suggest 1mg/l daily is perhaps not too high. This web site is very positive about the need for iodine daily. http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-35-iodine.aspx?activeingredientid=35&activeingredientname=iodine
It says: Iodine is a chemical element. The body needs iodine but cannot make it. The needed iodine must come from the diet. As a rule, there is very little iodine in food, unless it has been added during processing. Most of the world’s iodine is found in the ocean, where it is concentrated by sea life, especially seaweed. The thyroid gland needs iodine to make hormones. If the thyroid doesn’t have enough iodine to do its job, feedback systems in the body cause the thyroid to work harder. This can cause an enlarged thyroid gland (goiter), which becomes evident as a swollen neck.
Other consequences of not having enough iodine (iodine deficiency) are also serious. Iodine deficiency and the resulting low levels of thyroid hormone can cause women to stop ovulating, leading to infertility. Iodine deficiency can also lead to an autoimmune disease of the thyroid and may increase the risk of getting thyroid cancer. Some researchers think that iodine deficiency might also increase the risk of other cancers such as prostate, breast, endometrial, and ovarian cancer.
Iodine deficiency during pregnancy is serious for both the mother and the baby. It can lead to high blood pressure during pregnancy for the mother, and mental retardation for the baby. Iodine plays an important role in development of the central nervous system..
Iodine deficiency is a common world health problem. The most recognized form of deficiency is goiter. Additionally, across the globe iodine deficiency is thought to be the most common preventable cause of mental retardation, but the addition of iodine to salt has improved public health. The addition of iodine to salt is required in Canada. Some research shows the iodine used in some salt is not a positive natural sourced iodine. Iodine is used for treating a skin disease caused by a fungus (cutaneous sporotrichosis); treating fibrocystic breast disease; preventing breast cancer, eye disease, diabetes, and heart disease and stroke; and as an expectorant.
Iodine is also used to for radiation emergencies, to protect the thyroid gland against radioactive iodides. Potassium iodide tablets for use in a radiation emergency are available as FDA-approved products (ThyroShield, Iosat) and on the Internet as food supplements. Potassium iodide should only be used in a radiation emergency, not in advance of an emergency to prevent sickness.
Our water has useful iodine at a low level of 0.007mg/l;
- Manganese (WHO writes manganese occurs naturally in many surface water and groundwater sources. WHO writes manganese is an essential human nutrient, acting as a component of several enzymes and a participant in a number of important physiological processes---and that an average cup of tea may contain 0.4–1.3 mg of manganese (ATSDR, 2000). Our manganese is low at 0.0006mg/l; and
- Strontium (Strontium is recorded as being present in almost all drinking water sources across USA at an average concentration range of 0.3-1.5 mg/L -WHO 2010; Skougstadt and Horr 1960. Strontium is found in almost all rocks and soils in the United States and it is about the 17th most common element found in the earth’s crust, where Strontium accounts for 0.02-0.03% of the Earth’s crust ---ref http://www.awwa.org/Portals/0/files/legreg/documents/2014AWWAStrontiumBriefingPaper.pdf). Some positive effects of strontium on bone development are set out here:http://drhoffman.com/article/strontium-for-bone-health-2/ which suggests: Strontium has been safely used as a medicinal substance for more than a hundred years. It was first listed in Squire’s Companion to the British Pharmacopoeia in 1884. - Some trace elements closely chemically related to calcium, such as strontium, have pharmacological effects on bone when present at levels higher than those required for normal cell physiology. The human body contains approximately 320 to 400 mg of strontium in bone and connective tissue. If we look at clinical studies strontium was found to exert several effects on bone cells. In addition to its antiresorptive activity, strontium was found to have anabolic activity in bone and thus may have significant beneficial effects on bone balance in normal and osteopenic animals. Accordingly, strontium has been thought to have potential in the treatment of osteoporosis. - See more at: http://drhoffman.com/article/strontium-for-bone-health-2/#sthash.rOFCRdrZ.dpuf
- Other trace elements may also exist in our water which we have not yet tested for.
- Our water with about 180 mg/l TDS, provides an added mineralised ‘food’ factor or value to the drinker of our spring water. Other waters, which have been heavily filtered or distilled, will have lost most or all of their valuable natural minerals/trace minerals. By being natural, the minerals/trace minerals in our water are of a healthy and absorbable colloidal aspect.
- The proprietor at the farm where Heartland Springs bubble to the surface, has been drinking this spring water for some 24 years. There are others who regularly drive to this farm to collect their daily water needs. Many positive testimonials are available from long term users of this water.
HERE WE EXPLAIN THE TESTING LEVELS FOR SOME OF THE ITEMS WHICH WERE NOT FOUND IN OUR SPRING WATER AT THESE TEST LEVELS
We also show the Singapore Govt max levels for some of these items (Note:1 ppm = 1.0 mg/l)
Agrimony - none at test level of 0.00021 mg/l Singapore Regs require below0.005 ppms
Arsenic - none at test level of 0.001 mg/l
Barium - none at test level of 0.002 mg/l
Bromate - none at test level of 0.005 mg/l
Cadmium - none at test level of 0.0002 mg/l Singapore Regs require below 0.01 ppm
Chromium - none at test level of 0.001 mg/l
Cobalt - none at test level of 0.0005 mg/l
Copper - none at test level of 0.0005 mg/l
Cyanide - none at test level of 0.005 mg/l
Iron - none at test level of 0.005 mg/l
Lead - none at test level of 0.0005 mg/l
Lithium - none at test level of 0.0005 mg/l
Mercury - none at test level of 0.0005 mg/l
Molybdenum - none at test level of 0.0005 mg/l
Nickel - none at test level of 0.0005 mg/l
Nitrite - none at test level of0.01mg/l Singapore Regs require below 0.005 ppm
Selenium - none at test level of 0.002 mg/l
Sulphide - none at test level of 0.002 mg/l Singapore Regs require below 0.05 ppm
Tin none at test level of 0.0005 mg/l
Colour No colour at levels tested
Oil or Grease Nil at levels tested
Total Coliforms and other bacteria/coliforms tested Nil at levels tested
Range of pesticides, include DDT, and PCPs Nil at levels tested